"The cognitive authority of medicine plays an important role in distorting and silencing the knowledge of the disabled. Medical professionals have been given the power to describe and validate everyone’s experience of the body. If you go to doctors with symptoms they cannot observe directly or verify independently of what you tell them, such as pain or weakness or numbness or dizziness or difficulty concentrating, and if they cannot find an objectively observable cause of those symptoms, you are likely to be told that there is “nothing wrong with you,” no matter how you feel. Unless you are very lucky in your doctors, no matter how trustworthy and responsible you were considered to be before you started saying you were ill, your experience will be invalidated. Other people are the authorities on the reality of the experiences of your body.

When you are very ill, you desperately need medical validation of your experience, not only for economic reasons (insurance claims, pensions, welfare and disability benefits all depend upon official diagnosis), but also for social and psychological reasons. People with unrecognized illnesses are often abandoned by their friends and families. Because almost everyone accepts the cognitive authority of medicine, the person whose bodily experience is radically different from medical descriptions of her/his condition is invalidated as a knower."

— Susan Wendell (Toward a Feminist Theory of Disability)

(Source: reallyrealhappiness, via chronicallyvegan)

adoptpets:

powerecoads:

Liquid ivory: how palm oil is killing Indonesia’s elephants

The Ecologist Film Unit travels to Indonesia to investigate the impact palm cultivation - and the resulting deforestation - is having on the Sumatran elephant, the world’s most critically endangered elephant.

www.theecologist.org www.ecologistfilmunit.com

Be a friend of elephants & orangutans & boycott palm oil. I wish vegan food would stop including palm oil in it also. No Earth Balance vegan butter, vegan sour cream, Uncle Eddies vegan cookies, etc… for me until they stop with the palm oil

Do not use Palm Oil please and I too wish vegan food like Earth Balance didn’t use it…

Tags: palmoil vegan

go-vegan-cr:

98 Important Facts About Animal Cruelty

1. To make a 40-inch fur coat it takes between 30 and 200 chinchilla or 60 mink, 50 sables, 50…

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go-vegan-cr:

98 Important Facts About Animal Cruelty

1. To make a 40-inch fur coat it takes between 30 and 200 chinchilla or 60 mink, 50 sables, 50…

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(via adoptpets)

Depression

Depression

(via fa9olya)